The March-April 2019 issue of Digging History Magazine features a variety of articles, although quite a few focus on the Civil War — one of them led to a little “adventure in research” for a family that appeared to have just disappeared after the 1860 census. Here is a summary:
- Confederados: Adios, Texas! Ola, Brasil! – a look at a little-known piece of United States and Civil War history. Do you have ancestors who seem to have vanished following the Civil War? This article may provide some clues to finding them.
- Elusive Ancestors? Crack Open a History Book or Two (or Three) – The Confederados article led to an “adventure in research” and a lesson about not only looking for dates and records, but the history of the times your ancestors lived in.
- In the Public Domain: The Grandest of Re-openings – a look at the history of what we call the “public domain”, a concept enshrined originally in the United States Constitution. This year all materials published in 1923 will be moved into the public domain, next year 1924 and so on. What does it mean for finding digitized materials and gaining access?
- Genealogically Speaking: Curious Kin – The occasion of stumbling across some uniquely-named brothers inspired this story. One thing leads to another — what about the “Ocean Sisters” or “Thomas Jefferson Roach and His Sister Wives”. Bigger Head? Somebody was really named that (there’s a story!)?
- The “Texas Troubles”: Blame it on a Match? – The story of a little-known incident which could very well have set off the Civil War months before April 1861. The South was on edge already and a series of mysterious fires across Texas seemed rather suspicious.
- Speaking of Matches – a companion story about another kind of match — one that morphed into nineteenth century political name-calling. Sound familiar?
- Ways to Go in Days of Old – a new column which will highlight some of the common and not so common ways our ancestors died. This one is inspired by a Civil War Widow’s Pension Application.
- OK, I give up . . what is it? – another new column which highlights archaic terminology which one might come across in historical and genealogical research. For example, what is a hog reeve or “sessor” or pounder? Each played a significant role in the community life of early American towns and settlements.
- Test Tube Tots: 21st Century Moral Dilemma? – What if you took a DNA test and found out something rather shocking about who you were (and were not) related to? What would you do if you found out, for instance, the man you always considered your father wasn’t your biological father because you’d been conceived artificially (unbeknownst to you)? An interesting topic to explore in the world of rapidly advancing DNA technology.
- The Dash: William Henry Sallada – Part I of an extended article about a man who lost his sight during the Civil War and went on to live a long, full and purposeful life. Sometimes you run across stories that just beg to be old. This is one of those.
When they were born over 83 years ago I’m not certain Hulon and Willie Hall knew my grandmother was carrying twins. They had already conceived (and lost) a set of triplets. It had been about seven years since my grandparents buried their first-born toddler son, Hulon Lamar, a tragic victim of an accidental shooting in a remote area of San Miguel County, New Mexico. Life had been tough enough and then it got tougher still.
The nearest “town” was the Garita Post Office, so that’s where their birth certificates state they were born. However, the place where they were born, a humble prairie dwelling, bespeaks the life and times they were born into — the hardscrabble life of a farm and ranch family trying to eke out a living during the Great Depression.
I’ve heard Aunt Joy tell the story many times of how my grandfather assigned names to the twins. Hulon Hall pondered the situation thoughtfully and purposefully. They weren’t identical twins, yet distinctly different, and came into the world about five minutes apart. Although the first would always say he was the “big brother” he was the smallest. After careful consideration it was decided the names would be assigned thusly: the little one would be Earl D. and the bigger one Gearld E. No middle names, just initials. Not exactly unusual, but meaningful nonetheless. Why is that?
My Dad (the bigger one) has always had issues with the spelling of his name — not him personally, but how the world thinks his name should be spelled. Some record his name as “Gearld E.” (the legal one), but more often than not as “Gerald E.” Granted, the second is how everyone thinks the name should be spelled — it is, after all, the most common spelling and pronounced “jer–uh ld“. He signs his name based on the spelling on the document he’s signing, yet when saying his name pronounces: beginning as a “J sound” followed by “earl” with a “d” at the end — Gearld.
Do you see it (can you hear it)? Was my grandfather prescient? Earl D. would irrevocably be part of Gearld E. The two were meant to be part of one another, even their names. Prescient or not, so it has been. As one cousin wrote, “Oh the love between the two and the adventures they shared!”
The picture of Gearld E. holding the hand of his brother is poignant for us all as Earl D. is nearing the end of his life’s journey. My Dad has his own challenges and struggled with making the trip to see his brother. I’m proud (and grateful) he nevertheless made the difficult choice because I know how much it means to Uncle Earl. Tomorrow they will be joined by their “big sister”, our beloved 91 year-old Aunt Joy. They are the remaining children of Hulon and Willie (Strickland) Hall. Too soon we fear they will all be gone and we’ll be left with only memories, but what great ones they are!
The world may spell it “G-e-r-a-l-d” but for those of us who know and love them most it will always be “Earl D.” and “Gearld E.” (for a very good reason, you see).
Postscript: On March 3, 2019 Earl D. fell into a coma and passed away peacefully on the evening of March 4. R.I.P. Uncle Earl.
Historically, one of many summertime traditions is the family reunion. Some are small, while others bring together extended family members from far-flung places around the country (or the world). If you’ve researched your family history and don’t yet have a chart which highlights your family’s unique history, Digging History is offering a great deal.
Digging History specializes in genealogical research and also provides custom-designed charts for its research clients or those who have done their own research and now want to preserve it in a unique way. I recently designed a chart for someone who had been researching for forty years (begun as a high school project)!
I strive to make each chart unique because each family history is unique. A chart will, of course, include pictures, names and dates. What makes a chart unique, however, are things like ancestor signatures, cattle brands, news clippings, patents, historical records and more. Each of these items is formatted to blend with the chart background and not merely pasted onto the chart. Here are some samples:
A special offer is running from now until June 30, 2019. These charts, as you might imagine, take time to plan and design (various sizes, number of generations and designs available), so contact me sooner rather than later. Once the chart is designed you own it and may have as many copies printed and distributed to family members as you like (splitting the cost among family members makes it very affordable!). Charts can be printed affordably at places like Walgreens and Costco. Contact me: email@example.com or 806-317-8639 for more details.
The closer we get to Spring the more our thoughts (may) turn to a bit of “Spring cleaning”. Some things just can’t wait that long, however. I decided to do a little “sprucing up” around the Digging History web site this week. The newly redesigned site is up and running, complete with a store for Digging History Magazine (and a budget-minded way to purchase a monthly genealogy research subscription, I might add).
I cleaned out some obsolete stuff and spiffed up the blog a bit by adding back some stories I had previously taken down. From time to time articles will be taken down and undergo a complete re-write with new research, footnotes and sources, and be published in Digging History Magazine, a bi-monthly publication available by individual issue purchase or subscription. A good example of a more extensive (and abundantly more interesting) story was that of Nellie Ross Cullens-Norwood.
The original article was one of the first “Tombstone Tuesday” articles I wrote back in 2013, and interesting enough after I decided to cast my search for a Find-A-Grave entry to the far reaches of Alaska, near the Arctic Circle. I found an entry with a small metal plaque of a woman in her late 70s buried in a small cemetery in Circle, Alaska. I figured there had to be a story — I was right. I decided to do more research and include Nellie’s story in “The Dash” column (the magazine’s version of “Tombstone Tuesday”) for the August 2018 issue. That issue highlighted characters and events of the Klondike and Alaskan gold rushes of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
The original article, admittedly, contained many “unknowns”. The 2018 article was enhanced by new research and answers to many gaps in Nellie’s story. More digging and a fair amount of newspaper research revealed more about the possible “why’s” of an aged Nellie living by herself, far away from family. For a genealogist, these types of discoveries are pure gold. Speaking of “genealogical gold”, that particular issue featured another article, entitled “Mining Genealogical Gold: Bed and Board Notices (he said, she said)”, an entertaining article about the ways husbands and wives had it out in newspapers by posting “bed and board” notices. Back and forth they went with what we today might call a “Tweetstorm”.
Speaking of sprucing up, every good genealogist should do a little house-cleaning or “leaf-raking” now and then. The October 2018 issue features an article, entitled “Genealogically Speaking: It’s Time to Rake the Leaves”, which explains some of the rather dubious “leaf hints” we all see on Ancestry.com. Some simply are not to be trusted, while others should be used with an abundance of caution. That issue also included some previous blog articles cobbled together for an article, entitled “Are You One of Those Kind of People?” (referring to people who love to snoop around old cemeteries, bwahaha!).
Some might wonder why I now require payment for stories (via individual issue purchase or subscription) which I formerly wrote for free. That’s a good question. Many, many (many!) sites like this one appear to freely publish articles, but may utilize ad-targeting campaigns (unbeknownst to the reader) or include super-annoying ads on their sites in order to monetize the blog. I, on the other hand, have a strong aversion to such tactics, especially the super-annoying ads (as I’m sure you’re aware, some of them are downright disgusting!). I don’t like them and I don’t think readers like to be bothered with them either. These types of tactics lead to an increase in your email spam, among other things.
I expend a lot of time and effort researching, writing, editing and publishing the magazine because I want to share my passion for history and genealogy. I would also like to receive some remuneration for my efforts — the good old-fashioned way by earning it without all the machinations of Internet ad-targeting and such. If you sign up to either follow this blog or become a magazine subscriber, you will never see anything in your inbox that isn’t related to this site (as in, I “sold” your information to someone else). Ain’t gonna happen!
Back to “sprucing up”. Wouldn’t you just know it, there’s a history of the phrase! I’ve recently taken to pondering these types of things and introduced a new column: “Everything Has a History, Even …..” According to one source the term “spruce up” may have first been used in the late sixteenth century with the express purpose of referring to tidying up a bit: [You shall] spend a whole twelue month in spunging & sprucing.1
Sprucing up is done (maybe a little “spunging”) . . . time to get back to work researching, writing, editing and publishing the March-April issue. Stay tuned!
Sharon Hall, Genealogist & Publisher and Editor, Digging History Magazine
P.S. A free issue (“try-before-you-consider-buying”) is available to all who sign up to follow the blog. See the area in the upper right-hand corner of this page to do so.
It finally happened on January 16, 1919. Church bells rang across America as the state of Nebraska voted to seal ratification of the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution. The United States, the “first great nation to go dry” was about to enter a new era.
No Prohibitionist was more ecstatic than Evangelist William Ashley “Billy” Sunday.
NOW HELL WILL BE FOR RENT — BILLY SUNDAY
By REV W.A. SUNDAY
Richmond, Va, Jan 16 – The rain of tears is over. The slums will soon be a memory; we will turn our prisons into factories, our jails into storehouses, and corn cribs. Men will walk upright. Now women will smile, children will laugh, Hell will be for rent.
If any State fails to ratify the amendment, the star in the flag that represents it should be draped in mourning.
Uncle Sam’s knockout blow that sent the Kaiser and his Junker gang of cut-throats and John Barleycorn and all his cohorts to the mat for the count makes me more proud than ever that I am an American and have lived to see this day.1
So sermonized Billy Sunday in newspapers across America as “the last nail was driven into the coffin of King Alcohol.”2
Instead of “heaven on earth”, hell wouldn’t be “for rent” as Sunday proclaimed. Rather, all hell would break loose in the form of bootlegging, moonshine and a level of lawlessness never before seen in America.
The January-February issue of Digging History Magazine explores the lead-up to the history-making event which occurred on January 16, 1919 when Nebraska voted to ratify the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution. It was the culmination of decades (and decades) — reaching back to the 1700s of colonial America — of prohibitionists advocating for a more temperate society. One of the most famous prohibitionist was a saloon smasher (literally!) What a character she was!
This year will feature several articles on the volatile year that was 1919. In so many ways events of that year changed the face of America forever. The January-February issue is on sale by individual issue purchase. Better yet, a subscription (three options to choose from) is the best value.
Boston, Massachusetts inarguably holds a revered place in American history. The city is home to numerous buildings, locations and historical markers recalling seminal events of our history as a nation. Yet, one plaque commemorating a strange and now mostly forgotten event is the subject of this first article of 2019. Why this story? A century later, in retrospect, it now seems to have portended one of the most volatile years in American history. In an attempt to chronicle the disaster – its causes and consequences – Stephen Puleo, author of Dark Tide: The Great Boston Molasses Flood of 1919, posits:
. . . the real power of the molasses flood story is what it exemplifies and represents, not just to Boston but to America. Nearly every watershed issue the country was dealing with at the time – immigration, anarchists, World War I, Prohibition, the relationship between labor and Big Business, and between the people and their government – also played a part in the decade-long story of the molasses flood. To understand the flood is to understand America of the early twentieth century.
And so, this is the first in a series of 2019 articles recalling the tumultuous year that was 1919 – and how it changed America forever.
Boston: January 15, 1919
A rumble, a hiss …. or was it a boom and a swish? Headlines trumpeting the strange, sticky, deadly disaster initially implied it was an explosion. Lawyers for United States Industrial Alcohol (USIA), parent company of Purity Distilling Company, would incessantly claim it was an explosion set off by “evilly disposed persons”. Explosion or not, the event occurring on January 15, 1919 made sure the word “molasses” remained in Boston newspapers for months to come – years, actually – as court proceedings would eventually be drawn out into the longest case in Massachusetts history.
The rest of this extensive article (complete with footnotes and sources) is featured in the January-February issue of Digging History Magazine. On sale in the magazine store, or start a subscription (three budget-minded options) and never miss an issue!
Digging History Magazine was launched in January 2018 and twelve issues were published last year. I decided to publish a free article index for anyone interested in taking a peek (all at once) at a list/synopsis of all articles. All 2018 issues are available for sale in the Magazine Store, some at reduced prices, along with the free article index.
The first issue of 2019 is also available (January-February). This year the magazine will be published bi-monthly, but still packed with articles focused on history and genealogy, This issue features articles which take a look back at events of 100 years ago. This year the magazine will feature several articles looking back at 1919, a volatile and momentous year in American history. February is Black History Month and this issue features a guest article written by the descendant of a freed slave whose legacy still matters today. Two articles on manumission and free people of color owning slaves are of interest both historically and genealogically. Feature articles include:
- The Boston Molasses Flood of 1919: could it have been an omen for the volatile year ahead for America?
- Hell for Rent: A Nation Goes Dry: On January 16, 1919 Nebraska became the 36th state to ratify the 18th Amendment to the United States Consitition. One year later, King Alcohol would be dead – or would he? A bit of history on the temperance movement, including the outrageous tactics of one well-known “saloon smasher” who made a name for herself in the early twentieth century.
- Edith, Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner: Theodore Roosevelt unexpectedly became President of the United States in 1901, following the assassination attempt and death of President William McKinley. T.R. wasn’t too far into his presidency before a long-forgotten incident occurred. It seemed innocent enough at the time, but would generate a firestorm of criticism, especially from Southern Democrats who already didn’t trust him.
- The Life of James Clemens – From Slavery to Unspoken Greatness: This issue features a guest submission from one of the descendants of James Clemens, a freed slave who went on to participate in the Underground Railroad movement. His story still matters even today.
- Manumission: Free at Last (or perhaps not) – This extensive article explores the subject of manumission of slaves. A bit of history and stories of controversial manumissions (they all seemed to be controversial). Mathews v. Springer was a precedent-setting case in post-Civil War Mississippi.
- Free to Enslave? is a look at a few incidences of free persons of color owning slaves. One of the featured characters, William “April” Ellison, was at one time the largest slave owner in South Carolina, and a cruel one at that. Milly Pierce’s story is a bit more hopeful, but it’s a piece of African American history that sometimes gets overlooked.
- Jaybird-Woodpecker War: This long-running feud in Fort Bend County, Texas had nothing to do with birds of any feather – rather, it was an all-out race war which stretched into the 1950s.
- What’s in a Name? Sometimes you just have to do a little digging when something piques your curiosity. Such was the case with an unusual name given (Seawillow) to a girl born in the middle of a torrential rain storm in 1855.
- OK: Everything Has a History – even the word we use millions of times a day: O.K. It was part of a silly nineteenth century fad, but yet endured.
- America Waldo Bogle: It wasn’t easy being a person of color in Oregon Territory. America Waldo Bogle’s story is a story of perservering and succeeding despite racial tensions.
- Preview issue here
She was born Sarah Jacobs to parents Oliver and Harriet Jacobs of Toledo, Ohio in approximately 1855. The family was enumerated in the 1860 Census in Toledo and listed as being of the Mulatto race, and Oliver was a carpenter. By 1870 the family had migrated to Chicago where Oliver was still employed as a carpenter. Sarah was fifteen years old that year and by the 1880 census she had married Archibald Goode, he employed as a stair builder.
This article is no longer available for free on this site. It has been enhanced with footnotes and sources and is available for purchase in the magazine store as an Individual Article.
Happy New Year! 2019 is off to a good start here at Digging History with a redesigned web site. It looks a LOT different than the previous one.
The new look is crisper with a new logo which highlights our genealogical research services and charts AND Digging History Magazine. Last year the magazine had its own web site, but experience has proven it will be better situated here now. No more going back and forth between the two sites. Makes sense, huh?
Click on Digging History Magazine and see what’s in the store:
- Subscriptions: Three levels to choose from to fit any budget; all subscriptions are automatically recurring until you tell me you want to stop. Pay-by-check is also available; see details on subscription page.
- Individual Issues (2018 had 12 month issues; beginning in 2019 issues are bi-monthly)
- Special Editions – Currently only one issue, Early American Faith (99 pages or articles, no ads, all focusing on early American faith)
- Individual Articles: From time-to-time some articles will be available for individual purchase rather than part of an issue. Individual article purchase available upon request by contacting me.
- Free Samples: Here you’ll find samples of previous issues (includes only selected pages from a particular issue) or a link to our YouTube preview site. Want an entire issue to try out? See the right side-bar to provide your email and subscribe.
- Purchase Month-to-Month Genealogical Research: A great way to budget research an hour at a time as a recurring subscription (until the project is finished or you would like to stop).
Many of the original blog articles remain, although some are pulled from time-to-time, enhanced and rewritten (adding new research, complete with footnotes and sources) and featured in an issue of the magazine. Most of the writing these days is for the magazine, although I will occasionally post a thought or two, or advertise a special offer (research, charts, magazine) as a blog article.
You might ask, “Is it worth it to purchase a subscription?” That depends — are you a history-lover? Do you enjoy reading about unique historical events or characters? Are you a genealogist or family history researcher (or want to be one)? If you can answer “yes” to any of those questions, then I would say YES (of course I would say that)! Most issues these days are running between 65-80 pages — no ads, just lots of history and articles focused on genealogical research. You’ll find the genealogical research articles aren’t “dry” — they are packed with history as well. There are other publications that do “dry” … I don’t do “dry” 🙂
Again, if you’d like to view an entire issue go to the right side-bar and provide your email address to subscribe. Already a subscriber to the web site? Go to the Individual Issue page and check out the issues available. Just contact me and indicate the issue you want and I’ll send it to you for FREE just to see what it’s all about.
I’m always looking for interesting history to write about. Feel free to contact me with your ideas (or maybe you’d like to submit an article for publication?). I love history. If you’ve landed on this page, you probably do too. Let’s explore together . . . “Uncovering history one story at a time.”
Your friend and fellow history-lover,
Here at Digging History there are a couple of tag lines I like to use to convey the site’s purpose. One quote belongs to Rudyard Kipling:
“If history were taught in the form of stories, it would never be forgotten.”
The other is one I use for Digging History Magazine:
“Uncovering history one story at a time”
Both are reflective of what I think history should be — just stories. Think about it — there’s a story (history) behind everything. I honestly can’t think of anything that doesn’t have a history (a story), can you? I absolutely love digging around in old newspaper archives (one of my research specialties), and I write a fair amount of the stories published either in the blog or magazine straight out of those old newspaper accounts. I particularly enjoy reading newspaper articles from the Victorian era — there’s just nothing quite like old-fashioned Victorian prose.
Nothing, however, can compare to the stories we pass down to our family. Genealogists are always searching for meaningful records of an ancestor’s existence: census records, land records, military service and so on. Sometimes I think we are so focused on those (often elusive) records to the exclusion of missing the stories.
Today I drove my Mom and Dad over to my brother and sister-in-law’s house for a delicious Thanksgiving meal. Yesterday my Mom asked me to be sure and print a copy of a record she had come across years ago after my grandmother passed away. Today she had a story she wanted to tell around the Thanksgiving table.
It’s not one of those highly-sought-after records, yet both genealogically and historical significant to me and my family — especially because of the stories my Mom told us today. The record may not look like anything genealogically significant (click to enlarge). In fact, at first glance one might wonder whatever in the world is it?
There is, in fact, quite a bit of history on this 4×6 card — especially if you know the stories behind it. This is a record of about a year and a half of visits to see Dr. Duke, a Littlefield, Texas physician who was my grandparents’ family doctor when they lived in the small farming community of Spade. At the top is my grandfather’s name. Although his name was “Roosevelt Young” (named in honor of Theodore Roosevelt, U.S. President in 1902), he signed his name “R. Young”. However, everyone called him “Bud” (also noted on the card) and his address was Littlefield Star Route 2.
The card is a record of visits and care for Bud’s family, several of which were for my Mom. My grandmother once said my Mom was “born sick”. She has experienced lung and breathing issues all of her life. The first entries on this card (4-42) for $1.00 and $15.00 were for a hospital stay when my Mom (seven years old) was unconscious for three days, her life literally hanging in the balance. Today she told us the tearfully emotional story of how her mother got on her knees and prayed and gave her daughter to the Lord’s care, after the doctor had told my grandparents he had done all he could do and it wasn’t up to him any longer. So, as my grandmother prayed, it truly was in God’s hands.
Mom told us today that while she was unconscious those three days she would sing “When the Saints Go Marching In” — the beginning of her “singing career” she now likes to say! On this Thanksgiving Day the record took on new meaning because we heard the poignant story behind it. It now means more than just a card with dates and dollar amounts — it’s a precious memory.
If you’re a genealogist, don’t toss these kind of records aside if you run across them. There may just be an interesting story, or, if you’re fortunate enough, a precious memory.