Tombstone Tuesday: Lycurgus Dinsmore Bigger

TombstoneTuesdayLycurgus Dinsmore Bigger was born September 19, 1843 in Blue Ball, Warren County, Ohio to parents James and Elizabeth (McCandless) Bigger.  I wouldn’t pretend to know the origin of his first name.  Lycurgus, however, is a common name in Greek mythology and in Greek the name is derived from “lycos urgos” or “he who keeps the wolves away.”  Dinsmore is probably a family name as it was customary to give children middle names which were family names or surnames of ancestors.

I ran across this name when I was researching last week’s Tombstone Tuesday article for Bigger Head.  The history of Lycurgus Dinsmore Bigger presented a challenge to find meaningful (and accurate) information about his life.  It does appear that at some point that either he decided to drop “Lycurgus” or there was someone else named “Dinsmore Bigger”.  I found a couple of books on the genealogies of the Loomis and Williams (wife’s ancestors) families which included a brief record for Lycurgus and his family.

Lycurgus married Martha Caroline Loomis on March 1, 1876 in Emporia, Kansas.  Martha was born to Stephen Perry and Mary Loomis in Denmark, Iowa on November 20, 1852 or 1853.  Both genealogical records of Martha’s family indicate that Lycurgus and Martha had eight children.  Evidence suggests, however, that only five lived to adulthood.  According to Descendants of Joseph Loomis in America, the children’s names were:

James Stephen
Charles Loomis
John Dinsmore
William Finlay
Lew E. (which I believe is “Lewellen” according to one census record)
Harry Lycurgus
Edward Pitzure

I found the shared gravestone of Lycurgus and Martha’s first two children.  Minnie was born in Colorado and that is consistent with the records of the Loomis genealogy.  Probably after they were married in Kansas, the newlyweds moved to Colorado.  Information provided at Find-A-Grave  states that the gravestone inscription says Minnie was born in Mulu, Colorado – no such place that I know of, but I would guess it was probably somewhere in eastern Colorado.  According to The Descendants of Veach Williams of Lebanon, Connecticut, published in 1887, Lycurgus was a stock dealer living in Emporia at the time of publication.

JamesStephenBiggerGraveMinnie was born on March 28, 1877 and died two days later on March 30.  James Stephen was born the following year on May 3, 1878 and died on August 30, just three and-a-half months old.  The Find-A-Grave entry for both children indicates that Stephen Loomis (Martha’s father) purchased the lot in Emporia’s Maplewood Memorial Cemetery.

Their son Charles Loomis was born on May 22, 1879 in Emporia, according to 1938 immigration records (Canadian border crossing).  By 1900 Lycurgus and his family had moved to Pasadena, Pasco, Florida where Lycurgus was a farmer.  Son John Dinsmore is not listed so it appears he died before William Finlay was born in 1883.  Lewellen, according to the 1900 census had been born “at sea” in January of 1887.  Harry Lycurgus was born in Florida on September 10, 1889.   Edward Pitzure, according to his World War I draft registration record, was born in Jacksonville, Florida on April 14, 1894.

In 1910 Lycurgus and Martha were still residing in Florida, although no children are listed.  Edward would have only been approximately sixteen years old that year and presumably still living at home.  According to the University of Kansas 1916-1917 Annual Catalog, Edward was enrolled as a freshman in Medical School and listed his hometown as Burlingame, although on June 5, 1917 he registered for the World War I draft in Emporia.  His hometown of Burlingame is consistent with 1915 Kansas state census records which indicate Lycurgus and Martha had relocated there from Florida.

Their son William Finlay passed away in 1915 at the age of thirty-two in Wenatchee, Chelan, Washington, according to death records (no death certificate available, however).  It doesn’t appear that he ever married.

Immigration records (Canadian border crossing) indicate the Lycurgus, aged 75, returned to the United States on April 11, 1918 and was headed to Burlingame, Kansas which was then his hometown.  Below Lycurgus’ name on that record is someone listed as wife but it is hard to read, although it almost looks like “Emma”, which may or may not be Martha.

After the 1910 census, the records (or lack thereof) for Lycurgus make it hard to piece together his remaining years since records for a Dinsmore Bigger begin to appear, who I strongly suspect might be for another person who happens to be named Dinsmore Bigger (and he lives in Ohio where Lycurgus was born, so perhaps they are related).  For instance, in 1920 there is a Dinsmore Bigger, aged 80, living in Van Buren, Montgomery, Ohio with his daughter Emma, aged 50, and sister Martha, aged 73.  I doubt that this is Lycurgus because the dates and a daughter named Emma don’t match earlier records.

It appears, however, that Lycurgus died sometime between the last record I found (the immigration record) in 1918 and 1930, but I couldn’t locate the record of his death.  For the 1930 census Martha, who was then 78, was living in Franklin, Iowa with Edward who was married with children and employed as a dentist.  According to the Kansas state census of 1925, Martha was not living with Edward at that time, which could indicate that Lycurgus was still living, but where is unknown to me.  In 1940, Martha then age 87 was still living with Edward in Lisbon, Iowa, but I could find no death record.

Charles had lived for a time in Canada, which is indicated by his re-entry into the United States in 1938, and perhaps the record of Lycurgus re-entering the United States in 1918 after a visit to Canada.  Charles passed away in December of 1958.  I could find very few records for Lew E. (or Lewellen), but for the 1940 census he still listed his place of birth as “at sea” and that year he lived with his family in Franklin, Iowa and who, like Edward, was employed as a dentist.  Perhaps at some time he and Edward had worked together in private practice.  Harry passed away in 1981 in Illinois, and Edward passed away in Lisbon, Iowa in 1978.

So, today’s article presented a challenge but still yielded some information about Lycurgus Dinsmore Bigger and his family.  Martha’s family genealogy was the most helpful in piecing together their lives and then following up with census, immigration and draft registration records.  Still, it isn’t a complete picture, but certainly indicative of the difficulty of historical and ancestry research when one hits a “wall” due to inconsistent, or simply a lack of, reliable information.

Everyone have a great day — someday it will be history!

© Sharon Hall (History Depot), 2014.



  1. William Finlay Bigger, son of Lycurgus and Martha Caroline “Carrie” Bigger married Lucia Worl and had two children. The older, a daughter named Florence, was born in Wenatchee, WA and the younger, named first as Wilfred Loomis Bigger was born August 5, 1914 a couple years after his sister, in a log cabin across the Methow River from the town of Carlton, WA. After their father William Finlay Bigger died when Wilfred Loomis was about 7 months old, his mother changed his name to his father’s: William Finlay Bigger. Lucia continued to run their apple orchard her husband had established and was a well-known orchardist in the Wenatchee and Methow Valley in Washington into the 1960s. William Finlay Bigger, the son, made a career in the Army and after twenty some years retired to become a building inspector in California. He had married Dorothy Miller whom he had met when they were children in Carlton, WA,, in the 1940s and had three children: Neal, Sandra and Kathleen. Those children produced 6 grandchildren. Dorothy died in 1996 and William died in 2004 in their home of over 39 years in Carmel, CA. As I have begun to trace the family history I have found that there are many questions. One is why my father, William F. Bigger spelled his middle name with a “D”. I have not found any documents as to why or when the spelling of his middle name was changed from that of his father’s.

    Thank you for sharing your research. My sister Kathleen and I are just beginning to put together all the information of the Bigger family.

    Sandra Bigger Dodgson

  2. This is Sandra Bigger Dodgson again. Just realized a typo in my earlier comment. Actually, my father William F. Bigger spelled his middle name with an “E” as in Finley instead of Finlay like his father’s. This is one reason we had so much trouble over the years finding information on his family. Anyway, your article on Lycurgus Dinsmore Bigger does match up with my father’s family history. I do not know why the spelling of the middle name was changed or when.

  3. Hi my name is megan( Bigger) Shearer my Grandpa is Harry lycurgus, Lycurgus last son I believe so your dad’s brother Harry married Rhoda Huston and had 5 kids Harry Jr , Martha , Peggy, Samuel (my dad) and julie. I wish I could find ore on my great great Grandpa James but keeping my head up in hopes to find something!!

    • Thanks for stopping by. Your ancestors presented some difficulty to research. Hopefully I got it (mostly) right.

  4. William Finlay or Finley father middle name is dinsmore… Lycurgus Dinsmore Bigger his wife Martha Caroline loomis



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