During the early eighteenth century, Spanish explorers mentioned this area and its unique water supply flowing from seven springs which fed the nearby Pecos River. Despite those advantages, settling the area wasn’t feasible at the time due to the presence of hostile Plains Indians. Around the time of the Civil War, however, Anglo settlers began making their way to the area and more soon followed.
In 1866, Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving brought their herds and set up camps there and what is now called Carlsbad. To the vast herds owned by Goodnight and Loving, John Chisum added an additional one hundred thousand to graze the Pecos River Valley.
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