Lewis Hogg Fargason was born to parents Johnson and Mildred (Hogg) Fargason on May 27, 1802 in Newberry, South Carolina. It appears Lewis was named after both his maternal grandfather Major Lewis Hogg and great-great grandfather Lewis Hogg. I had to chuckle, however, when I discovered Major’s father John Hogg, married a Horsey (Sarah) – a little genealogical (and “barnyard”) humor!
Johnson and Mildred married in 1799 and their first child, John, was born in 1800. Lewis was their second child of thirteen (one died in infancy, however). The Fargason family migrated to Henry County, Georgia where Lewis met Mary Wyatt and married her on February 11, 1827. The children born to Lewis and Mary were:
John Thomas – b. 13 Jul 1829
Daniel – b. 12 May 1832
Mildred Ann – b. 15 Jan 1836
Elizabeth – b. 1837
Benjamin – b. 24 Oct 1840
Mary – b. 1844
Lewis participated in local politics, serving as tax collector for Henry County. One source indicates that he participated in the War of 1836, otherwise known as the Creek War of 1836 fought between the Muscogee Creeks and Alabama settlers.
Two treaties in 1814 and 1826 had given away Creek land, but after the last treaty was signed settlers began pouring in and either buying or outright stealing land rights that still belonged to the Creeks – squatters moved onto Creek land and took over. When the Creeks appealed to the United States government, President Andrew Jackson sent Francis Scott Key, author of The Star Spangled Banner, to investigate.
Key found that whole towns had sprung up (illegally) on Indian lands. But the situation was already out of control and squatters continued to make their way to Alabama. Tensions rose and the Creek leaders became increasingly outraged. The result was a campaign begun by several bands of Indians against the intruders. Whole families of white settlers were killed, homes and towns burned, and mail service disrupted.
After white settlers fled to Columbus, Georgia the United States Army was called to intervene, led by Major General Winfield Scott. The army ultimately prevailed, followed by a roundup of hundreds of Creek men, women and children who were herded into concentration camps – an event that came to be known as the Trail of Tears.
Lewis was primarily a farmer, but from 1845 to 1852 he served as Postmaster of the County Line post office in Tallapoosa County. Lewis, a Democrat, also served as Justice of the Peace in both Georgia and Alabama. Family Bible records indicate that he performed a wedding ceremony for a relative of Mary’s in 1838.
John Thomas married in 1857 and in 1860 four of Lewis and Mary’s children were still residing with them in Tallapoosa County. Twenty-two year old Daniel was a teacher and Lewis continued to farm. Lewis owned three adult slaves, two young Mulattos and one three-month old black. In 1866, their son Daniel died at the age of 34.
By 1870, the size of Lewis and Mary’s property and its value decreased considerably, perhaps since his slaves would have been emancipated following the Civil War. Only twenty-four year old Mary, employed as an “Asst”, still lived with them. By 1880, Lewis and Mary were both approaching their eighties and Mary, then thirty-five, continued to live with them. I could find no record of her ever marrying so presumably she remained single. She passed away in 1882.
Both Lewis and Mary lived well into their eighties. Lewis passed away on August 15, 1888 and Mary died on March 31, 1889. They were both buried in the Fargason Cemetery, along with Daniel, Mary and John Thomas, who died in 1906.
Everyone have a great day — someday it will be history!