The Wyoming Valley of present day Pennsylvania was the scene of the bloodiest and most heinous battle of the Revolutionary War. In 1662, the valley had been claimed as part of Connecticut and residents of that colony began settling there in 1762, originally designated as the county of Westmoreland.
The settlers planted crops, harvested them and returned to Connecticut for the winter. They returned in the spring of 1763 and that autumn were attacked and killed by Indians. Those remaining fled back to Connecticut. In 1769 another wave of settlers decided to migrate to the area once again.
The area was so dangerous, however, that one historian noted that between 1769 and 1775 “so frequent were the conflicts resulting in bloodshed within the town of Westmoreland, that it may be said to have been in a state of continual war.” Not only were there Indians to contend with, but the land was disputed by Pennsylvania and Connecticut, a conflict called the “Pennamite War”.
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